India Run-of-River Hydro Power Projects

Greenfield run-of-river hydro power project in Arunachal Pradesh, India


India has ambitious plans for energy growth, including aims to generate 57% of electricity capacity from non-fossil fuels by 2027. The country’s clean energy sector is expanding, as it acts to reduce reliance on coal-fired power stations. While capacity for renewable energy production in India, aided by technological advancements, is increasing, significant capital from domestic and overseas private sectors will be required in order to reach its targets.

Arunachal Pradesh is a mountainous region in north-eastern India where rural communities have minimum facilities, with limited or no access to basic utilities including electricity. While the region holds tremendous potential for small run-of-river hydro projects, it remains underdeveloped as there has been little interest from private sector players due to accessibility and bankability challenges.

Through the pioneering Pareng and Keyi Hydro Power project, InfraCo Asia aims to demonstrate the commercial viability of providing clean energy as an independent power producer, and thus catalyse greater private sector participation in the provision of basic infrastructure. InfraCo Asia’s role supporting development in India’s renewable energy sector will help to establish a world-class approach to the execution and implementation of hydro power projects.

The Project

Implementation of the Keyi and Pareng Hydro Power Projects will support social and economic development by strengthening electricity supply in north-eastern India. The small run-of-river hydro plants will generate clean power for delivery to the regional grid.

These projects fall under the renewable energy incentives under India’s Small Hydro Power Policy. Both projects have been planned as a run-of-river plant and have been selected on the basis that there are no submergence issues and affects no other projects or catchments.

The projects are easily accessible, have the support of the local population and have no major environmental issues. In addition, they have remarkably favourable geological conditions for the region and are relatively simple projects with no unusual features. Both projects are close to transmission heads but lines need to be laid down.

Project Overview
DD Hydropower & Developers Private Limited Virtuaal Pareng Hydro Private Limited
Arunachal Pradesh
Power (Hydro)
23.0MW 14.5MW
Under development
  • Project approved in 2015
  • JIDA signed in Oct 2016
  • Expected financial close in 1H 2021 (Pareng) & 1H 2022 (Keyi)
Total Project Cost
$39M $27M
Funding Committed
$3M $2.9
IAI Investment
TBC $9.9
Other Shareholder(s)
Virtuaal Infrapower Private Limited


Development Impact
  • Estimated 220,000 people with improved access to power
  • Expected to create 500 jobs during construction and 60 jobs during operation
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